Many fearless and dedicated men and women suffered jail time, physical assaults by the police and spectators (at demonstrations), and insults, during this struggle that lasted over seven decades. However, it was only in 1971 that Congress, by resolution, designated this day as "Women's Equality Day". This designation recognized the many sacrifices made by these courageous women and men to achieve this ratification.
On February 14, 1920, six months before ratification of the 19th amendment, Carrie Chapman Catt, President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, founded the League of Women Voters. Ms. Catt was a women's rights activist and a suffragist, who stated that the vote was the "emblem of equality" for all citizens, men and women.
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